Technical Terms - Well Explained
- Cold Therapy
Generally, cold helps with back problems that are accompanied by inflammation. Yet it is not possible to tell exactly who responds to it well, and patients must try for themselves if they feel better applying cold or heat. This is usually quite clear to the patient in question. We know about the principle of cold spray, which is used to provide short-term relief for injured muscles but also for superficial, small surgical interventions.
This spray contracts the blood vessels, blocks the pain receptors, including the nerves that transfer pain, and thus relieves it. The simplest form of cold therapy is what is known as a Cool Pack - plastic cushions filled with non-freezing gel, which are kept in the freezer. These cool packs are best wrapped into a thin cotton cloth before application; otherwise, the impact of the cold could be too intense. Also healing earth or curd are suitable for cold packs and compresses. Cryotherapy is a high-tech variant of cold therapy. Topically applied, the vapor of liquid cold nitrogen is blown onto the places that hurt. This reduces the pain and makes the joints more flexible for a short time – the ideal basis for subsequent physiotherapy. At minus 110 degrees in the Cold Chamber, the cold is felt all over the body. Three minutes in a bathing suit - but wearing protection for hands and feet – are enough to make the pain almost immediately disappear. After a series of 20 visits to the cold chamber, 90 percent of patients declared that they were suffering from considerably less pain and did not need as much medication as before. In addition, the cold chamber should also stimulate the immune system and is thus also helpful in cases of inflammatory spinal diseases.